The exam will be a Quiz on Canvas

The exam is a Quiz on Canvas.   I will supervise it using Zoom.

The exam will be 1 hour and include up to 100 multiple choice questions.

You may not be able to answer them all in the allotted time. That’s OK. I will scale up the grades as necessary.

The Exam is NOT open book.  ANY cheating, use of notes, text, or communication during the exam will result in a “0” on the exam and an “F” in the course.

In order to prevent cheating, but in order to provide supervision,  I will set up a Zoom call and send you a link.  During the exam, please have your camera turned on, so I can make sure you are not using other study materials.  Make sure you take the exam on a computer that has a working webcam.

I will NOT ask you anything that is only in the text, but not in your notes!

A few things you should definitely review (not an exhaustive list!):

  • coastal landforms (tombolos etc)
  • glacial landforms (various moraines, cirques, etc)
  • soils – the sand/silt/clay triangle (know how to use it – I’ll give it to you though)
  • coral reefs
  • periglacial (arctic) landforms (pingos etc)
  • tides – what causes them/high and low tide
  • soil orders – know basic info about them
  • groundwater (aartesian wells etc)
  • wave motion and beach sorting
  • eolian erosion – how wind sculpts landscape
  • desert landscapes – how sand dunes form
  • soil profiles – how they work
What Should You Bring or NOT Bring?

You should bring …

  • Yourself!  (refreshed, relaxed, invigorated, empowered by the Spirit)
  • A pen (and pencil if you wish, for the diagrams).

You should NOT bring …

  • Your text or notes (sorry, this exam is not open book!)
  • Your cousin (a geography graduate student at Cambridge University)
  • Any crib notes, cheat sheets, or other “aids”
  • Any electronic device (calculations will be simple enough you can do them on paper) — no calculators, phones, pagers, mp3 players, iPods, iPads, iAnything-elses, Blackberries, laptops, desktops, GPS, etc.

That’s about it!  Study hard!  I know there is lots to know and lots to memorize (the plague of any introductory science course!), but go at it!

Try to remember that this is God’s creation we are studying (it’s one of the symptoms of the Fall that studying divine artistry seems like drudgery!).   As you study the Earth-Atmosphere system, you are studying God’s handiwork!  You are doing theology (learning about God)!  Hard though it is, try to keep that perspective going …

God bless,


Extra note on the soil texture triangle from Chapter 18 / Lab 6

What you need to remember is the numbers are always in the order: sand, silt, clay (drill it in to tour memory:  sand, silt, clay … sand, silt, clay… sand, silt, clay ..)


So if your sample is 20/70/10

So, start with sand.  In this example, the % sand is 20.  So, go along the bottom from right to left to 20.  Your sample will be along that 20 “line” somewhere.

Next go to silt — 70%.  Silt is along the right hand side.  Go down from the top to 70.  When you find 70 on the silt axis (edge), your sample will be along that line.

Last, go to clay — 10%.  Clay is along the left side.  Go to 10.  Clay is the easiest because the white lines go horizontally, so you go across on the 10 line.

And you’re there!  A beautiful SILT LOAM!

It is a bit confusing!  The key is to remember it’s always SAND-SILT-CLAY!  And to make sure you are using the correct side.  I will give you the identical diagram as above in the exam (I’ll just cut and paste it).

Hope that helps.  B